Mosaic Lodge #194

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Home From the Historian's Desk

From the Historian

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Masonic History

Freemasonry is one of the oldest fraternal organizations in the entire world. Its only natural that Freemasonry has a very rich and long history.

This section of the website which is named "From the Historian's Desk" will contain articles related to that.

Articles published here are the courtesy of our dear friend and official historian of Mosaic Lodge #194 brother R.W. Daniel J. Schultz, PGH.

Masonic Temple Philadelphia


One of the wonders of the Masonic world is the Masonic Temple in Philadelphia located at One North Broad Street, in Philadelphia. Since its dedication in 1873, this architectural jewel has attracted hundreds of thousands of Brethren and visitors to the Mother City of Freemasonry in America. Having taken a trip to this magnificent building, I want to share some of its history with you.



On February 22 and July 1, 1867, the land, measuring 150 feet by 250 feet, was purchased for $158,061.64. The architect employed was Brother James H. Windrim, W.M. of Philadelphia Lodge No. 72. He served as Worshipful Master of the Lodge in 1873, the year of the dedication.

Brother Richard Vaux, R.W. Grand Master, laid the Cornerstone on St. John the Baptist Day, June 24, 1868. Approximately 10,000 Brethren attended the ceremony. The Gavel used on this occasion was the same used by Brother George Washington in laying the Cornerstone of the Capitol in Washington, D.C. The Temple cost $1,569,093.00 excluding decorations and furnishings.

Statue of Liberty Facts
It took five years of skillful labor to build the temple and it was dedicated on Friday, September 26, 1873, the eighty-seventh anniversary of the Independence of the Grand Lodge F. & A.M. of Pennsylvania.


The magnificent Temple, which is the home of the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania, is unlike anything in the nation or world. Structural engineers, architects, scholars and artist come away amazed at what their eyes have taken in. The Masonic Temple’s majestic turrets and spires stand out symbolically as they form a part of Philadelphia’s downtown skyline. The massive structure, from its imposing exterior to elaborate interior, has been described as “one of the greatest works of art ever carried on by Masons in any part of the world”.

Brilliant exemplifications of the various orders of architecture are seen in the Temple’s seven Lodge Halls. They are the finest examples of the Corinthian, Ionic, Italian Renaissance, Norman, Gothic, Oriental and Egyptian styles. Egyptian Hall, for example, is called the “only perfect specimen of Egyptian architecture in America”. This room is an exhibit of the greatest wonders left by the ancient builders from the Nile Valley. So perfect are the room’s mystic symbols and designs that scholars come to study them.

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The Statue of Liberty – Liberty Enlightening the World


As the Statue of Liberty will be celebrating her 125th Anniversary on October 28, 2011, I thought I would repeat my 2004 historian’s report.

Building Statue Of LibertyThe Statue of Liberty is one of the most recognizable monuments in the world, representing freedom to all who have followed her guiding light to our shores.  “Lady Liberty” was, in fact, a real lighthouse from 1886 to 1902 when she was under the care and operation of the US Lighthouse Board.  The light had a keeper to maintain the electric light and could be seen for 24 miles at sea.  The flame of the torch had glass inserts in its sides that helped her light shine brightly.  The power to generate the light came from an electric plant on the island.  The “Statue of Liberty” is also known as “Liberty Enlightening the World”, and it remains a symbol of hope to millions of people who see her standing in the harbor.

Edouard de Laboulaye, French historian and admirer of American political institutions, suggested that the French present a monument to the United States as a token of mutual friendship, with the United States providing the pedestal and site.  Its designer, a Freemason, was Bro. Frederic A. Bartholdi (1834-1904) who conceived its design while on a visit to America.  As his ship sailed into New York, Bartholdi had a vision of a woman standing on a pedestal, holding a torch and welcoming immigrants to a new life in a free land.   

He began work about 1874 in Paris.  He made several models and one, 36 ft. tall, enabled him to compute the statue in sections.  Wooden molds were made and sheets of copper 3/32nds of an inch thick were hammered into shape on them by hand.  Gustave Eiffel, creator of the Eiffel tower, designed a framework of four steel supports.  The completed statue was 151 ft. 1 in. tall.

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Nine-Eleven Anniversary: Sept. 11, 2001-2011

World Trade Center AttackAs we anticipate the 10th Anniversary of Nine-Eleven, we remember, with saddened hearts, those who perished, that bright sunny Tuesday morning, in the Twin Towers, the Pentagon, and Flight 93. This largest “attack” made upon America since Pearl Harbor will go down in the world’s history as the largest terrorist attack on America, yet to date. The effects of this tragedy will never fully end, for they have become a part of our history, as have Pearl Harbor and the Civil War. Our way of life has changed forever. Those of our Brothers, who worked in and near the World Trade Center, recall their terrifying experiences in trying to escape this tragic scene.

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“Declaration of Independence” and Our “Independence Day” celebration

Having read several books on the “Declaration of Independence”, I found some very interesting information, which I wish to share, as we are approaching our “Independence Day’ Celebration.

The Second Continental Congress met throughout the winter of 1775/76 in the large Assembly Room of the State House in Philadelphia, with John Hancock serving as President.  Sentiment for a complete break with Great Britain mounted continuously; and on June 7, 1776, the Virginia delegate, Richard Henry Lee offered his resolution “that these United colonies are, and of right ought to be, free and independent States.” Lee’s resolution was passed on July 2nd.

Sec Cont Congress Room
Sec Cont Congress Room
The Second Continental Congress formed a committee known today as the “The Committee of Five.  It consisted of John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, Robert R. Livingston and Roger Sherman. They were to come up with a draft for the Declaration.  Thomas Jefferson drafted the Declaration of Independence—intended to justify to the world the passage of the Lee resolution.  The Committee of Five first presented the document to Congress on June 28, 1776.  After considerable amendment, Congress adopted the Declaration late in the afternoon of Thursday, July 4th.  The Declaration was not signed that day, except by John Hancock.  Congress merely ordered that the revised text be printed, and then turned to other business.  Next day Congress resolved that the Declaration “be proclaimed in each of the United States, and at the Head of the Army.”  On July 19th, it was ordered that the Declaration “be fairly engrossed on parchment…and that the same, when engrossed, be signed by every member of Congress.  The formal signing took place on August 2, 1776.

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From the Desk of the Historian: “Patriotism”

During May, the patriotic holiday, Memorial Day, is observed. This brings to mind the meaning of one of the lapel pins I proudly wear, and have been asked on numerous occasions, its meaning. Around the outer edge is written “The four immortal chaplains – Bro. George Lansing Fox. Inside the circle three emblems…the Masonic emblem, the Jewish Star and the Christian Cross, with the date 1943”.

“The Four Immortal Chaplains”

During World War II, four chaplains of different faiths gave their life jackets to soldiers from the torpedoed troop ship, S.S. Dorchester, and in doing so, knowingly sacrificed their own lives.
 
The Four Chaplains were:


George_L._Fox
George L. Fox
Alexander_D._Goode
Alexander D. Goode

Clark_V._Poling
Clark V. Poling
John_P._Washington
John P. Washington
  • Lt. George Lansing Fox (Protestant)
  • Lt. Alexander David Goode (Rabbi)
  • Lt. Clark V. Polings (Protestant)
  • Lt. John P. Washington (Catholic Priest)

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Grand Master visits with Gold Collar Team

Grand Master visits with Gold Collar Team

Gold Collar Degree team confers MM Degree L to R: MW D. A. Dorworth, D. Maguire, C. Kourgelis, R. Koch, WM A. Forste Mosaic Lodge was honored by the visit of Most Worsh... Read more
Mosaic aids Toys for Tots campaign

Mosaic aids Toys for Tots campaign

Mosaic Brothers coordinate Toys for Tots campaign Mosaic Lodge brothers Mike Nino(r) and Alex Valdez spearheaded Mosaic Lodge efforts to support the U.S. Marine Corps Toys-F... Read more
Mosaic Lodge 2014 Installation

Mosaic Lodge 2014 Installation

Mosaic Installs officers for 2014 Mosaic Lodge Officers For Year 2014 Mosaic Lodge is proud to announce the election of its officers for the Masonic year 2014. WorBro. Aaron ... Read more
Grand Master attends Table Lodge

Grand Master attends Table Lodge

Grand Master attends Table Lodge Most Worshipful David Alan Dorworth, GM Mosaic Lodge was honored to welcome Most Worshipful David Alan Dorworth, Grand Master of Masons of ... Read more
Grand Lodge Votes; Mosaic Wins

Grand Lodge Votes; Mosaic Wins

Grand Lodge Votes; Mosaic Wins Congratulations cakes for RW Lou Rizzo, GC and RW Walt Kalfers, JGW Upon returning home after the proceedings of the New Jersey Grand Lod... Read more
Mosaic Honors members with Gold Token & Lewis Jewel

Mosaic Honors members with Gold Token & Lewis Jewel

Mosaic Honors Members Who Receive Gold Token and Lewis Jewel Gold Token & Lewis Jewel, Mosaic 2013 Newly installed Junior Grand Warden of NJ, RW Walt Kaulfers (center rig... Read more
Continued Improvements To Our Backyard

Continued Improvements To Our Backyard

Continued Improvements To Our Backyard Mosaic's new Patio, Fence and Greenery; May 2013 The Backyard at Mosaic Lodge has come a long way in the last few years. It seems w... Read more
Mosaic Raises Three New Master Masons, June 2013

Mosaic Raises Three New Master Masons, June 2013

Mosaic Raises Three New Master Masons, June 2013 Mosaic Lodge New Master Masons, June 2013 Mosaic Lodge has Raised to the sublime degree four new Master Masons. This class of... Read more
Blood Drive Dates for 2014

Blood Drive Dates for 2014

Blood Drive Dates for 2014 set Mosaic Lodge will again team up with Community Blood Servies Brethren and Friends: Mosaic Lodge will once again team up with Community Bl... Read more
Club Sponsors Halloween party

Club Sponsors Halloween party

RP Square Club sponsors Halloween Party Bro Lou and wife Marylin enjoying the festivities The Ridgefield Park Masonic Square Club sponsored a fun-filled Halloween Party this ... Read more
Parade features Motorcycles

Parade features Motorcycles

4th of July Parade features Motorcycles Bro. Aaron Forste weaving with the cycle drill team Mosaic Lodge once again marched in the Ridgefield Park 4th of July Parade with the... Read more
4th Annual Charity Ball Tickets Available

4th Annual Charity Ball Tickets Available

4th Annual Charity Ball Tickets NOW AVAILABLE ... Read more
Mosaic Celebrates with Friends and Family

Mosaic Celebrates with Friends and Family

Mosaic Celebrates with our Friends and Family Mosaic Friends and Family enjoy the evening celebration Mosaic Lodge Celebrated its 100th Anniversary with their friends and fam... Read more
Troop 3 Helps Rebuild Mosaic

Troop 3 Helps Rebuild Mosaic

Troop 3 Helps Rebuild Mosaic Eric Zwernemann, a member of Troop 3 and son of Mosaic member Lou Zwernemann undertook the task of beautifying and repairing the back parking area o... Read more
Masons-Knight Softball Game 2009

Masons-Knight Softball Game 2009

Mosaic Lodge and Knights of Columbus compete on the diamond Mosaic Lodge Freemasons and the Knights of Colombus of the Ridgefield Park E.G. Alburque council join together every ... Read more
Mosaic supports Bergen Passaic ARC

Mosaic supports Bergen Passaic ARC

On May 23, 2010 Mosaic Lodge brothers gathered to help the Bergen Passaic ARC, a non-profit organization committed to aiding individuals with intellectual and other disabilities,... Read more
Mosaic Lodge Sponsors First Blood Drive

Mosaic Lodge Sponsors First Blood Drive

Mosaic Lodge's first BLOOD DRIVE was a tremendous success For more information on donating: WM Kevin O'Neill 201-406-7735 or Blood Bank Chairperson SD Aaron Forste Mosaic L... Read more
Brother Brett takes the Plunge

Brother Brett takes the Plunge

The Polar Bear Plunges for Special Olympics New Jersey are fundraising events in which participants pledge $100 or more to take a brazen romp into the chilly waters of the ... Read more